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Afghanistan

We are still reeling from the attack on our Kunduz trauma centre, in which 42 people were killed

More than 40 years of conflict and instability have left Afghanistan’s economy and infrastructure in ruins, and many people dependent on humanitarian assistance. 

Map with all MSF projects in Afghanistan in 2019

After a US military airstrike destroyed its trauma centre in Kunduz, killing 42 people, in October 2015, MSF engaged in negotiations regarding the neutrality of medical care with all parties to the conflict.

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Trauma care in Kunduz

Trauma care in Kunduz In 2019, due to increased awareness of our project, the number of patients attending the wound care clinic in Kunduz rose by almost 30 per cent. Our team treated a total of 3,383 people and conducted 21,148 follow-up appointments. The clinic, which we opened in July 2017, treats stable patients with wounds from minor burns, trauma, previous surgery or diseases such as diabetes that cause chronic skin lesions. 

We also run a small stabilisation clinic in Chardara district, west of Kunduz city, where we stabilised 3,177 patients in 2019. Construction of the new MSF trauma facility in Kunduz continued despite challenges linked to the weather and the security situation in the region. It is due to open in late 2020.

Hear from Dr Kathleen Thomas, who was in Kunduz on the night of the attack, on our Everyday Emergency podcast.

MSF’s work in Afghanistan: 2019

Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) ran six projects in six provinces in 2019, with a focus on emergency, paediatric and maternal healthcare. The crisis in Afghanistan is characterised by upsurges in conflict, recurring natural disasters, widespread internal displacement, very low health indicators, extreme poverty, and an overburdened and underfunded healthcare system.

In 2019, presidential elections and peace talks between the US Bismillah and his daughter Najiba, from the embattled Bala Murghab district in Badghis province, during a consultation at the MSF health clinic on the outskirts of Herat city. Afghanistan, August 2019. © Andrew Quilty and the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan (IEA), better known as the Taliban, led to renewed violence, which had a severe impact on people’s access to healthcare. It is estimated that around one-third of the population does not have a functional health centre within two hours of their home*.

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Activities in Kabul

The Ahmad Shah Baba project in eastern Kabul was the first one we opened when we returned to Afghanistan in 2009. Since then, MSF has worked to upgrade Ahmad Shah Baba to a district hospital, strengthening the emergency department, maternity services and treatment protocols and increasing the medical services available so that fewer patients require referrals.

In March, we completed our gradual handover to the Ministry of Public Health. Between 2009 and 2018, our teams conducted more than one million outpatient consultations, nearly half a million emergency room consultations and assisted over 124,000 births. In 2019, we continued to deliver comprehensive emergency obstetric and neonatal care in the hospital in Dasht-e-Barchi, a neighbourhood of more than one million people.


We supported the maternity and neonatology departments, as well as the operating theatre, and provided ante- and postnatal care and family planning. Other services included health promotion and psychosocial counselling for patients and their caregivers. During the year, our teams assisted nearly 16,000 births and admitted almost 1,500 newborns to the neonatal unit. We also supported maternity care in another public hospital in the area with staff, training and essential drugs. 

Khost maternity hospital

Since 2012, MSF has been running a dedicated 24-hour maternity hospital in Khost, eastern Afghanistan, providing a safe environment for women to give birth. The team assisted over 23,000 births in 2019. We estimate that this is nearly half the total births for Khost province, but after many years of seeing increasing numbers of women giving birth at the hospital, we are  beginning to observe a plateau. MSF teams also continued their support to five health centres in outlying districts, increasing their capacity to manage normal births. 

Boost hospital, Lashkar Gah

In 2019, we celebrated the 10th anniversary of our project in Boost provincial hospital, one of only three referral facilities in southern Afghanistan, where we work to support the Ministry of Public Health. The hospital is located in the capital of Helmand province, an area severely affected by active conflict and insecurity, with very few fully functional medical facilities.

Bismillah and his daughter Najiba, from the embattled Bala Murghab district in Badghis province, during a consultation at the MSF health clinic on the outskirts of Herat city. Afghanistan, August 2019

Our teams assisted over 18,000 births, performed more than 184,000 emergency room consultations and treated more than 87,000 children, nearly 4,000 of whom for severe acute malnutrition, one of the main causes of child mortality in the province. In 2019, we extended our training and bedside coaching activities with rural healthcare workers to improve early referral of complicated births and reduce maternal deaths related to late arrival at the hospital. 

Emergency support & paediatric care in Herat

In 2018, an estimated 150,000 internally displaced people arrived in the city of Herat, having fled their conflict- and drought-affected villages. To respond to their needs, MSF opened a clinic on the outskirts of the city in December 2018, offering medical consultations, treatment for malnutrition, vaccinations, ante- and postnatal care and family planning. Over the course of 2019, MSF teams treated more than 44,000 patients, most of whom were children suffering from acute respiratory infections and watery diarrhoea.

We ended our support to the emergency department of Herat regional hospital, one of the largest health facilities in western Afghanistan, in late 2019. From October, we started running an inpatient therapeutic feeding centre in the hospital’s paediatric department. Around 350 children were admitted between October and December. 

Drug-resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) in Kandahar

Drug-resistant TB (DR-TB) is a major concern in Afghanistan, exacerbated by a lack of knowledge about the disease and poor availability of treatment. MSF has been supporting the health ministry in the diagnosis and treatment of DR-TB in Kandahar province since 2016, during which time 126 DR-TB patients have been enrolled in the programme.

MSF doctor Azada Barez examines a young patient in Kahdistan clinic, Herat province. Afghanistan, July 2019

In December, we introduced a nine-month oral regimen allowing DR-TB patients to change from injectable drugs to pills and reduce their number of consultations at the hospital. Thirteen patients were enrolled before the end of the year. We also continued to support the ministry in Mirwais regional hospital and at the provincial TB centre, providing care for drugsensitive TB patients. 

Trauma care in Kunduz

In July 2017, we opened an outpatient clinic to treat stable patients with wounds from minor burns or trauma, previous surgery, or diseases such as diabetes that cause chronic skin lesions. Our teams treated almost 2,400 patients and conducted more than 14,000 follow-up appointments in 2018. We also continued to run a small stabilisation clinic in Chardara district, west of Kunduz city, and started the construction of a new MSF trauma facility in the city.

© Andrea Bruce/Noor Images

After the US airstrike that destroyed the trauma centre in 2015, killing 24 patients, 14 staff and four patient caretakers, we engaged in discussions with all parties to the conflict to formalise commitments that MSF’s staff, patients and hospitals will not be attacked. We have explicit commitments that MSF can treat every person who needs medical care, no matter their ethnicity, political affiliations or which side of the conflict they are on.

*Afghanistan Humanitarian Needs Overview 2020, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. 

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