Iraq: MSF warns of dire humanitarian consequences if Laylan camp is closed

26 Nov 20

Early yesterday morning trucks arrived at Laylan camp, in Iraq’s Kirkuk governorate, in preparation for moving residents back to their areas of origin elsewhere in Iraq. Camp residents expressed their fears of being returned against their will to staff from international medical organisation Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF), who are providing healthcare in the camp.

MSF is deeply concerned about the humanitarian consequences of such rushed camp closures on the already vulnerable displaced people without offering a safe and sustainable resolution.

Laylan camp: IDPs are asked to load their belongings on trucks provided by the authorities as part of the camp closure.

Since October 2020, some 25,000 Iraqis living in formal camps for displaced people have been returned to their areas of origin, as the government of Iraq begins the process of camp closures. While for many people, returning home is a dream come true, for others the insecurity, lack of shelter and absence of services that await them make camp closures a nightmare.

“They need to provide safety for us” 

“Even if they want to close the camp, they should not send us to our home areas now,” one woman told MSF staff. “They need to provide safety for us. Because of many tribal issues and insecurity, many people cannot go back to their villages.”

“Our house has been destroyed, we have young children and we don’t know how we’ll manage if we are sent back. The weather is getting colder and colder each day. We have no salary to rent a house to keep safe and warm”

In some cases, returnees face possible violence and arrest in their areas of origin if they are suspected of affiliation with the Islamic State (IS) group. Stigma in Iraq against anyone suspected of links with the IS group means that some people are extremely fearful for their family’s safety. “When some of my neighbours went back, they were verbally assaulted and had to hide from local people – they were afraid they would be hurt,” adds the woman.

Laylan camp: bags and crates containing the belongings of IDPs being returned to their place origin

More than 7,000 people currently live in Laylan camp, most of them women and children. The camp was established in 2014 after conflict broke out in several Iraq’s towns like Hawija and Salah Al-Din, forcing many people to flee their homes. Several camp residents told MSF that they have nothing to return to.

“Our house has been destroyed”

“Our house has been destroyed,” said one woman. “We have young children and we don’t know how we’ll manage if we are sent back. The weather is getting colder and colder each day. We have no salary to rent a house to keep safe and warm. Laylan camp is safe for us and we have water and electricity. If we are sent away, we’ll have no water or electricity. How can we manage without these services in our daily life?”

Many residents also rely on the medical care they are receiving within the camp, while access to healthcare for displaced people outside the camp is limited.

Laylan camp: IDPs are asked to load their belongings on trucks provided by the authorities as part of the camp closure.

“MSF is treating 300 patients with non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in the camp; they require uninterrupted lifelong treatment and care,” says Gul Badshah, MSF head of mission in Iraq. “With this rapid closure, there is no time for MSF to provide patients with medication to cover a three-month period till they manage to access another health facility and to prepare the medical files they need to enrol in another NCD programme in their area of return without interrupting their treatment.”

The COVID-19 pandemic is another concern for MSF teams. “Our concern is that patients may have to move out of the camp in the middle of the COVID-19 pandemic,” says Badshah. “There are eight confirmed COVID-19 cases in the camp’s isolation area. It is not clear how the patients would be transferred and how quickly they would get access to medical care.”

MSF urges the Iraqi authorities to reconsider their decision to imminently close Laylan camp and to ensure that future returns are made in a more transparent, voluntary, safe and dignified manner.

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