© Sima Diab


In 2018, Médecins Sans Frontières continued to provide integrated healthcare tailored to the needs of migrants and refugees in the Egyptian capital.

One of the world’s first nation states, Egypt has one of the longest and most diverse histories of any country and is known for its ancient civilisations.

With a population of over 96 million, it is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Red Sea, Sudan, and Libya.

The country's location means it serves as a link between North Africa and the Middle East. Rule in the country has been unstable since the anti-government demonstrations in January 2011 that ended President Hosni Mubarak's rule.

Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) first worked in Egypt in 2010. Our work in the country focuses on providing healthcare for people otherwise excluded and for diseases like hepatitis C.

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MSF’s work in Egypt: 2018

Egypt is a key transit and destination country for migrants and refugees coming from countries such as Syria, Eritrea, Sudan and Yemen. According to the United Nations refugee agency, UNHCR, there were 244,910 refugees and asylum seekers in Egypt at the end of 2018, mostly living in Cairo, Alexandria and other cities.* Many of these men, women and children arrived in Egypt after fleeing war and have experienced violence in their countries of origin or on their journey.

Since 2012, we have been running a project offering integrated healthcare to migrants and refugees living in Cairo. Our clinic provides patients with treatment adapted to their specific needs, including medical and mental healthcare, sexual and reproductive healthcare, physiotherapy and social support.

In 2018, we registered over 2,000 new patients and conducted some 22,000 consultations, including 11,800 individual mental health consultations and 20 group sessions, almost 2,200 medical consultations, 3,800 physiotherapy sessions, and 4,200 social support sessions led by social workers.

*UNHCR Operational Update, Egypt, October-December 2018

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