© Virginie Nguyen Hoang


Egypt is a key transit and destination country for African and Middle Eastern refugees and migrants

One of the world’s first nation states, Egypt has one of the longest and most diverse histories of any country and is known for its ancient civilisations.

With a population of over 82 million it is bordered by by the Gaza Strip and Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Red Sea, Sudan, and Libya.

The country's location means it serves as a link between North Africa and the Middle East. Rule in the country has been unstable since the anti-government demonstrations in January 2011 that ended President Hosni Mubarak's rule.

Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) first worked in Egypt in 2010. Our work in the country focuses on providing healthcare for people otherwise excluded and for diseases like hepatitis C.

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MSF’s work in Egypt: 2015

Egypt is a key transit and destination country for African and Middle Eastern refugees and migrants.

The number of people arriving in Egypt has risen sharply recently due to conflict and instability in countries such as Syria, Iraq, Sudan, South Sudan and Libya. There has also been an increase in the number embarking on the sea journey to Europe.

The main challenges for refugees and migrants are limited employment opportunities, integration and everyday hardships. Around 115,000 registered asylum seekers and refugees live in Greater Cairo.

Many of those assisted by MSF have been victims of violence in their home countries or during their journeys to Egypt.

MSF offers patients rehabilitative care, comprised of medical and mental health assistance, as well as physiotherapy and social support through the development of individual multi-disciplinary treatment plans.

In 2015, a total of 1,663 new patients were admitted, of which 51 percent had suffered ill-treatment. The MSF team also assisted vulnerable individuals by conducting nearly 2,800 medical consultations and distributing over 2,300 hygiene kits through mobile clinics.

In addition to responding to the regional refugee crisis, we entered into discussions with the Egyptian Ministry of Health and Population and national medical institutions regarding establishing partnership projects in key public health areas.

We would like to support national efforts to tackle hepatitis C in the country, and we are willing to contribute technical medical expertise to existing initiatives.

find out more in our international activity report