© Sima Diab


In 2017, MSF expanded its activities in Egypt to meet the needs of the increasing numbers of refugees and migrants arriving in the country.

One of the world’s first nation states, Egypt has one of the longest and most diverse histories of any country and is known for its ancient civilisations.

With a population of over 96 million, it is bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel, the Gulf of Aqaba, the Red Sea, Sudan, and Libya.

The country's location means it serves as a link between North Africa and the Middle East. Rule in the country has been unstable since the anti-government demonstrations in January 2011 that ended President Hosni Mubarak's rule.

Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) first worked in Egypt in 2010. Our work in the country focuses on providing healthcare for people otherwise excluded and for diseases like hepatitis C.

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MSF’s work in Egypt: 2017

According to data from UNHCR, the United Nations refugee agency, Egypt was hosting 211,104 refugees and asylum seekers of 63 nationalities in September 2017. Many had fled conflict and insecurity in countries such as Syria, Iraq, Libya, Sudan, Somalia and Eritrea. Some had been subjected to violence and exploitation in their home countries or during their journeys and have psychological problems and physical disabilities. In Egypt, they often struggle to access medical care, because of administrative and language barriers, unaffordable fees and a lack of suitable services.

Since 2012, the MSF project in the capital Cairo has been offering migrants and refugees rehabilitative treatment tailored to their individual needs, consisting of medical and mental health assistance, physiotherapy and social support.

In 2017, MSF treated more than 2,000 new patients, in addition to the 1,500 already enrolled in the programme. The teams carried out around 20,000 consultations: some 4,300 for medical care, 2,660 for physiotherapy, 9,200 for mental health and 3,580 for social support.

MSF is engaged in ongoing discussions with different governmental authorities to explore potential new areas of cooperation going forward.

find out more in our international activity report >