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Gaza: Deaths and broken lives, the aftermath of airstrikes
On 12 November 2019, as dawn broke over the Gaza Strip, the Israeli army launched airstrikes against a Palestinian Islamic Jihad group in an operation dubbed "Black Belt".
The attack prompted a military escalation in the region, with rocket barrages fired from the Strip towards central and southern Israel and the Israeli army retaliating by bombing military targets in Gaza.
Civilians, including children, were caught up in the violence. Among them was a young survivor named Salwa.
Salwa is slowly waking up from sedation. She feels groggy but she’s already familiar with this sensation. She has undergone several surgical procedures since she arrived at the MSF-supported Dar Al Salam Hospital in southern Gaza. She was brave this time and didn’t cry when she entered the operating theatre.
From her room in the hospital, Salwa can see the Mediterranean in the distance and hear the voices of pupils coming from the school close by. But her big brown eyes always look elsewhere. She stares at objects and people in the room, as if outside there was something wrong, something to worry about.
“Some days are better than others for her,” explains Rania Samour, an MSF counsellor providing psychosocial support in the hospital. “Some days Salwa just bursts into tears and keeps asking to see her family. Other days, she’s more reactive; she smiles and chats with me.”
Surviving from the airstrikes
Eleven-year-old Salwa survived an Israeli airstrike that killed her family during the military escalation between the Israeli army and the Islamic Jihad group in the Gaza strip in November 2019. In three days, the Israeli airstrikes killed 11 civilians in Gaza, eight of them children. Israeli authorities admitted that a faulty assessment led to the attack that killed nine members of Salwa’s family: her parents, her brothers, her aunt, her uncle and her cousins.
The families used to live in shacks built with corrugated metal sheets, some 15 kilometres south of Gaza City, where they raised livestock. Nothing remains of their homes.
“My mom is a teacher of English,” Salwa explains with the few words of English she knows. “When I’m older, I want to be a teacher like her, but I want to teach Arabic.”
Her grandmother will take care of her education now. She’s an old lady with six grandsons who miraculously survived the airstrike. She has very few means to sustain them.
When Salwa was admitted in the hospital four weeks ago, Rania was there. She hasn’t left her side since.
The human cost
“She’s just a child and she has to accept that her home was destroyed and her parents are dead,” Rania says. “She has flashbacks of the night when her family was killed and her life was wrecked. She remembers her older sister dragging her out of the debris in thick smoke. She couldn’t walk because of a wound in her foot; she was in pain. Her father was alive, next to the dead body of her mother. She remembers that he was injured while imploring rescuers to take care of his children.”
This is Salwa’s last memory of her father. That night, he was transferred to the intensive care unit of Al Shifa hospital in Gaza. A few days later, he died from the injuries he suffered in the airstrike.
“I had to tell her the truth; I had to protect her from another trauma,” Rania explains, her face grave. “When I told Salwa that her father was dead, I was hugging her. I could feel her palpitations. I wish I could bring her family back; it’s the only thing she wants.”
Salwa was referred to MSF’s hospital in southern Gaza with open fractures of the right foot and soft tissue injury.
The risk of infection
“Due to the severity of her wound, we needed aggressive debridement to treat Salwa, flap coverage of the bone and subsequent skin grafting to restore the soft tissues of her foot,” explains Helene Andersson-Molina, MSF surgeon in Gaza.
“The fractures are still healing and are being treated conservatively. Bone and tissue sampling also showed that Salwa has multi-resistant bacteria. Wounds like this, caused by violent trauma, are very prone to infections as the skin is ripped apart and the flesh is open, allowing bacteria to get in. But the presence of multi-resistant bacteria implies that we need very specific antibiotics. For Salwa, it means a longer treatment in an isolation room with contact isolation precautions.”
Helene says although Salwa has a long process ahead, she will recover the functionality of her foot. Nonetheless, Rania is worried about the girl’s future.
“She might walk again, but the scar will follow her for the rest of her life, just like the psychological trauma of this tremendous loss. Who’s going to take care of her health, of her education?” she wonders.
“It’s been a difficult week for my heart. I see Salwa in her bed and I can’t stop imagining myself as a child or my own children in this situation. Living in Gaza is like living a perpetual trauma. Our lives are continuously at stake and we have to get used to it.”
Almost 2,000 civilians have perished in the last ten years during the Israeli army military operations in Gaza according to the Office for Coordination of the Humanitarian Affair (OCHA), while in the same period, 18 Israeli civilians have been killed by rockets or mortar fire from Gaza, according to the organisation B'Tselem. Salwa’s story, her injuries and her loss embody the pain inflicted on the thousands of people caged in this endless conflict.
After every military escalation, when a truce eventually prevails and bombs cease to fall, the remnants of the violence linger. They linger among the families mourning their dead, among houses and lives in ruin, and among people like Rania who, despite everything, continue their work to alleviate this burden.
 Surgical act consisting of the removal of dead, damaged, or infected tissue to improve the healing of the remaining healthy tissue.
 A skin graft is a surgical procedure that involves surgically removing a patch of skin from one area of the body and transplanting or attaching it to another area.