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Gaza: One year on, Palestinians still suffocated by Israeli occupation
The human toll of the latest Gaza war was appalling: more than 2,200 were killed and more than 11,000 were wounded, including almost 7,000 women and children.
Hundreds of Palestinians with devastating injuries from last year’s 51-day war in Gaza still fill Médecins Sans Frontières/Doctors Without Borders (MSF) waiting rooms.
Today MSF sees, perhaps more than at any time in its 20-year history in Gaza and the West Bank, how the suffering wrought by the Israeli occupation has become normal. It appears an end to the occupation is the only way to ease the suffering of Palestinians.
Knowing nothing but war
“Eight-year-old children in Gaza have known nothing but the blockade and war since they were born,” says Erwan Grillon, MSF’s head of mission for Gaza and the West Bank.
“They’ve already lived through four offensives, two of which were absolutely devastating and indiscriminately killed a shocking number of civilians. The majority of our patients who still require war-related surgeries and physiotherapy are children under 18.”
In MSF clinics, Palestinians still dealing with the complications of their war injuries are now packed alongside Gazans, mostly young children, who have suffered from home heating and cooking accidents as result of being forced to live in makeshift or damaged homes.
Dependent on humanitarian aid
More than 12,000 houses were damaged or destroyed during the war, as were more than 70 hospitals or health structures.
The Israeli military blockade of Gaza continues to starve the territory of desperately needed supplies, including building materials that could help rebuild some of the neighbourhoods that were reduced to rubble by the Israeli military.
Israel has put severe restrictions on cement and other building materials, which are considered “dual-use” items that could be used to create weapons, leading to few houses being repaired in the strip.
“Living conditions keep on deteriorating,” says Grillon.
“In our post-operative clinic in Gaza, the majority of our patients were treated for burns from explosions caused by the use of unsafe home heating products or in household cooking accidents in homes damaged during the war. Sixty percent of them were children.”
Public health consequences
As a consequence of the blockade, people are still living in terribly unsafe conditions and are almost entirely dependent on outside aid.
Unemployment is at record high—more than 40 percent overall and more than 60 percent among the young—and 80 percent of the population is at least partially dependent on humanitarian aid.
While the devastation of the war in Gaza and the ongoing blockade of the strip have garnered the most international attention, the occupation of the West Bank illustrates another form of oppression that also has widespread public health consequences.
The Palestinian population in the West Bank is subjected to indignities, threats, and humiliations on a daily basis. Today, due to settlements, byways, checkpoints, and military deployments, Palestinians can only inhabit less than 40 percent of the West Bank.
Constant state of anxiety and terror
MSF mental health programmes are filled with patients suffering from psychological disorders as a result of being subjected to endless harassment, frequent (and unpunished) settler violence against individuals and property, night raids, administrative detention, or other acts.
“The stories our teams tell us are such that merely stating the facts should be enough to denounce them,” says Grillon.
“On a daily basis we see patients, a third of whom are younger than 13, in a constant state of anxiety and terror because of night-time incursions by Israeli soldiers and settler attacks. We’ve been treating the same families presenting the same symptoms for the past ten years. Nothing has changed.”
As a direct result of the perpetuation of the occupation and the complete failure of any political process, Palestinians in both Gaza and the West Bank are trapped in a never-ending cycle of violence that must be addressed frankly and urgently.
Measures taken by Israel in the name of security must be judged in terms of their humanitarian fallout. And the governments and international institutions either explicitly or tacitly supporting these policies must likewise consider the human costs of these policies, given the undeniable devastation they have wrought.
“Trying to create a false equivalence in terms of responsibility for the current situation in the West Bank and Gaza simply obscures the reality of responsibility for the violence in the Occupied Territories,” says Dr Mego Terzian, president of MSF France.
“Employing the rhetoric of self-defence to seize territory and continue a brutalising occupation, Israel and its international backers have sought to codify a system that is wounding Palestinians day after day, smothering life and hope, and guaranteeing more of the same in the future.”
Iman, a 20-year old woman from Khan Younis
Iman is in MSF’s clinic in Khan Younis receiving treatment for the severe burn injuries she sustained when a bomb hit her family’s house during the latest war.
“During the war my whole family—my uncles and the children—would gather in our home. We thought it was safe, as it was in an area that hadn’t been targeted before. At night, we all slept together in one room. On the day the bomb hit our home, my father had gone out only a minute before.
Then I heard someone shouting at us from outside to evacuate the house immediately, but the bomb hit at that very moment. My brother lost both his legs and my mother who was carrying my 18-month old sibling was also hit.
Unconscious, I was taken by ambulance to one hospital and then to another, where I was admitted to the ICU. I have 2nd and 3rd degree burns all over my body and I also lost some bones in my shoulder. My injuries were so severe that I was transferred to Israeli hospitals where I had many operations.
It’s not yet certain that I’ll make a full recovery but I’m going to improve so much that I’ll be able to lead a normal life. I want to get well soon. I’m really getting better. They say I’ll be able to continue my education in about a month. I come to the MSF clinic in Khan Younis since three months three times a week for physiotherapy and follow-up.
I want to go to law school and become a lawyer in Gaza. I never wanted to be a lawyer before. But after what happened to my family, and to me, I wish someone would stand up for me, for our country, for our rights.
I lost 13 of my closest relatives.
I want the world to know what’s really happening in Gaza.
I want the world to know how much we suffer here in Palestine, and that something must be done to stop this suffering.
I never wanted to advocate or speak out about what’s really going on here. It’s not easy for me to speak out, but I want to deliver the message to everyone that we are suffering and that we need help to put a stop to it.”
Ahmad, a young man in his 20s from Shaja’iya, in the north of Gaza Strip
Ahmad is in MSF’s Gaza City clinic.
“I was on my way from my home to the mosque when suddenly I heard an explosion in nearby Shaja’iya, so I ran to see if I could help.
I saw a little girl, maybe six-years old, who was dying, so I picked her up.
While I was carrying her to the ambulance, there was another explosion and all the people around the ambulance, including me, were injured and some were killed.
I was hit by shrapnel, and my left leg and my neck were injured. Now I need surgery and I’m hoping that I’ll be able to go abroad for it through MSF.
They can’t do this kind of surgery here. I’m told there is no capacity and no skilled surgeons to perform the type of surgery I need.”